Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.

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The fruit is edible, but is not usually eaten by people because, in contrast to its intensely fragrant flowers, it can have an unpleasant smell.

Problems No serious insect or disease problems. The carpenter bee Xylocopa brasilianorum is a common pollinator of cultivated trees in Rio de Janeirojust outside the tree’s native range.

Couroupita guianensis

Smaller fruits may contain about 65 seeds, while large ones can hold as many as Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide guianensos of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals. According to Buddhist tradition, Maya held onto the branch of a blossoming sal tree Shorea robusta while she was giving birth to the Lord Buddha.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Native Amazonians use extracts of several parts of the tree to treat hypertensiontumorspainand inflammation. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal guianenssis of the plants of the region.


Leaf margins are entire or finely serrate. Specific epithet is in reference to the Guianas where this tree is native. Publisher David Hunt; Sherbourne, England. Close-up of flower Photograph by: Couratari pedicellaris Rizzini Couroupita acreensis R. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.

Couroupita guianensis – Cannon Ball Tree

Not for the casual reader. Knuth Couroupita antillana Miers Couroupita froesii R. The leaves, which occur in clusters at the ends of branches, are usually 8 to 31 centimeters 3 to 12 inches long, but can reach lengths of ccouroupita to 57 centimeters 22 inches. Each fruit typically takes 1 year or more to mature.

No serious insect or disease problems.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Plant as a curiosity in tropical gardens in areas where there will be minimal foot traffic under the tree when the ripened fruits are dropping.

Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. The seeds are dispersed by animals that feed on the fruits.

Although the flowers lack nectar, they are very attractive to beeswhich come for the pollen. Some trees flower profusely until the entire trunk is covered with racemes. Sign up for our e-newsletter.


Because of this, the sal tree is revered by guianensia Buddhist people around the world. How many fingers does the typical human have? Fruits hanging from trunk Photograph by: The flowers produce two types of pollen: Fruits that remain whole may be broken open by animals such as pecarries.

Last update on Knuth Couroupita surinamensis Mart. Couroupita guianensis Conservation status. On windy days, the fruits often bang against each other on the tree creating a sound reportedly resembling a cannonade.

Knuth Lecythis bracteata Willd. Veins on leaf undersides are pubescent. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. When ripe, fruits drop from the tree, usually splitting open as they hit the ground with an explosive splat.

The pollinators must work their way between the two areas of stamens as they gather the pollen. Close up of flowers Photograph by: