charge enonciative dans trois genres de texts expositifs” (“The Processes of. Enunciation in Three Types of Expository Text”) (Itziar Plazaola. Le texte expositif, quant à lui, est une production dans laquelle les locuteurs créent une structure thématique (Boscolo, ; Britton, ) et fait appel à des . Les titres et intertitres sont des dispositifs de signalisation fréquemment utilisés dans les textes expositifs. De nombreuses recherches réalisées en psychologie.

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This research shows that a title influences attention to ambiguous words that are specifically related to the title. To take one simple example, consider an experiment in which memory for a text is compared for a version of the text that contains topic-identifying headings and a control version of the text that omits the headings and the white space inserted to set off the headings from the body of the text.

Journal of Technical Writing and Communication 19 3: SARA hypothesizes that any signaling device serves one or more of seven distinguishable information functions: The reader-based component relates the text-based dimensions to reader variables to predict signaling effects on text processing.

Discours Revue de linguistique, psycholinguistique et informatique. These shortcomings limit the theoretical and practical impact of the research. Many headings are used to identify the topics of the sections they head.


Cognition and Instruction 14 1: Two lines of research on the topic can be identified. Contemporary Educational Psychology 33 4: The Relationship between Depth of Processing and Context. Topic Continuity in Discourse. Journal of Educational Psychology 63 4: Lettres d’information Discours en toute lettre La lettre de Revues. Contemporary Educational Psychology 26 3: In the absence of such a heading, the reader must produce the generalization or comprehension will suffer.


Understanding How Headings Influence Text Processing

Improving Memory for Prose: Readers are much more likely to designate as important statements from paragraphs immediately following the demarcating information than to designate statements from texts paragraphs. In contrast to text sentences that refer to the world, metasentences refer to the text itself. Studies in the Theory of Speech Acts. International Journal of Psychology 45 1: Scientific Studies expostiif Reading 15 3: Finally, we propose some future research directions integrating insights from linguistics for the study of how headings and titles affect text processing.

Topic Structure Representation and Text Recall.

Intrusion of a Thematic Idea in Texre of Prose. In turn, the comparison between the results obtained by psychology research on the signaling effects and the findings from corpus studies may lead to writing recommendations that are more compatible with the actual use of signaling devices. A brief review of the cognitive literature on headings. The text-based component of SARA. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 20 1: Thus, important questions for future research are to more thoroughly develop expoitif constructs of relevance and accessibility and examine their influence on signaling effects.

The inclusion of headings, for instance, can support readers by identifying major topics and ideas, by emphasizing the structure of the text, and by serving as labels that can support access to sections within the text Waller, Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Signalling Text Organisation. Effects of Topic Headings on Text Processing: Therefore, variation expositiv the visual properties of titles and headings may be associated with variation in their effects on text processing.


Are Good Texts Always Better?

Shortcomings of previous research 7 Despite the useful findings of prior psychological research, there are several shortcomings of the research literature that originate in an inadequate analysis of headings as an object of study. The heading provides a context for integrating subsequent information, but leaves it to the reader to identify or construct the main points of the section. Rather, SARA hypothesizes that the effects of a signaling device will be moderated both by the relevance of the signaled information to the reader and by the accessibility of the signaled information to cognitive processing.

The variation in the length of the text section corresponds to a difference in the scope of the heading.

Texte expositif by Laura Albella Cubedo on Prezi Next

Moreover, as they have likely implications for text processing, they are used in the reader-based component in order to generate predictions concerning their potential effects on text processing.

One central claim in TAM is that text formatting properties are meaningful because they are reduced forms of metasentences. It should depend upon the other three dimensions of signals: This is unfortunate because it is likely that the titles and headings used in different experiments vary on this dimension in ways that might influence processing.

Applied Ergonomics 39 2: