A suicide bag, also known as an exit bag or hood, is a euthanasia device consisting of a large plastic bag with a drawcord used to commit suicide through inert gas asphyxiation. It is usually used in conjunction with a flow of an inert gas like helium or Self-administered and assisted suicides by asphyxiation using a plastic bag. Asphyxial suicide by placing a plastic bag over the head, especially in combination with inhalation of gases, is a rarely described method of committing suicide. Suicide by helium inhalation inside a plastic bag has recently been publicized by right-to-die proponents in “how to” print and videotape.
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Showing of 17 references. The Peaceful Pill Handbook.
Asphyxial suicide with helium and a plastic bag.
Health and Safety Executive. Bags Euthanasia Suicide methods Suicides by asphyxiation Plastics applications introductions. Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol. Inthe FBI raided a small mail-order business in California, which shut down afterwards. Helim Discussed in This Paper. Inhalation of oxygen deficient or oxygen free gas not only fails to replenish oxygen used in normal metabolism, but causes the blood passing through awphyxial capillaries of the gas exchange regions of the lungs to lose residual oxygen in relation to the concentration difference between the oxygen in the alveolar air and in the blood in the alveolar capillaries.
Propane, butane and natural gas are to varying degrees narcotic, and are a serious fire and explosion hazard, depending on concentration of the gas and of oxygen. The unpleasant smell may be a deterrent to more widespread use as a euthanasia agent, but the primary purpose is a warning of fire hazard.
Suicide bag – Wikipedia
The authors wrote, “If the process is interrupted by someone, there is no gas or the tube slips out of the bag, there is a high risk of severe hypoxia of the central nervous system ” in survivors.
Citations Publications citing this paper.
These additives may be toxic in large doses, but the concentrations which are needed to indicate the presence of the gas are not dangerous over short terms. Small amounts of oxygen bav not affect the end result, but may extend the time taken.
The suicide bag with inert gas method was originally developed by John Hofsess and the NuTech group, which consisted of Hofsess, Derek Humphryengineers and physicians. National Institutes of Health. Witn, we have not seen detailed descriptions of such observations that permit another person to evaluate the variables that might have produced an isolated petechia in a rare victim.
Ogden Death studies Assessment of ad Crisis hotline list Intervention Prevention Suicide watch.
Asphyxial suicide by inhalation of helium inside a plastic bag.
InThe Vancouver Sun cited Russel Ogden, Canadian criminologist and right-to-die advocate,  who said that the combination of a suicide bag and helium was “a method of choice” within the right-to-die movement for people who are terminally ill and that its promotion does not appear to cause an increase in the number of suicides.
Skip to search form Skip to main content. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. The urge to breathe in normal humans is mainly controlled by blood carbon dioxide concentration and the acidity that it causes.
In the book Final Exit by Derek Humphrya suicide bag was described as a large plastic bag with an adjustable velcro strip around the neck.
The authors stated that a hood method might be able to play a role in “demedicalising assisted suicide”. Helium and nitrogen are non toxic and can be breathed asphhxial no ill effects over short or long term when oxygen levels are sufficient, and present no health risk to third parties except asphyxiation.
Observation of two suicides by helium inhalation in a prefilled environment. Retrieved 25 July Rights of the Terminally Ill Act Australia. Supplement to Final As;hyxial Animal Child Voluntary Non-voluntary Involuntary. Showing of 11 extracted citations.
Banzai charge Kamikaze Suicide attack Suicide mission. Suicides using bags or masks and gases are well documented in the literature.
Examples of other gases used are propane – butane which has narcotic effects,  and is commonly adulterated with strong smelling additives to warn of gas leaks, and natural gas. Propane has low toxicity since it is not readily absorbed and is not biologically active. From This Paper Figures, tables, and topics from this paper.
Andres Rodriguez Zorro Journal of forensic and legal medicine Woman selling ‘suicide kits’ reignites right-to-die debate”.