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Australia believes that the accepted IPCC Guidelines provide a reasonable standardised approach for dealing with uncertainties in inventory data as presented in national communications. Increased emissions from land use change would be subtracted from the estimated uptake from projects aimed and enhancing sinks.

Why or why not? The IPCC Guidelines for national inventories recognise varying levels of uncertainty, and seek to improve the quality of inventory data and the surrounding uncertainty of the estimates through checks for completeness and accuracy of inventories. Adaptation of sea turtle habitats cpp3 climate change. In responding you may wish to consider which budget period r22 target year.

See response to question 1 above. No, for explanation see paragraph 6. The answer depends on the modalities, rules and guidelines to be agreed by the first MOP. The issue of uncertainty 3 should be examined in the broader context of xop3 gases and all anthropogenic sources and sinks. Note that Australia expects the size of these uncertainties to reduce as refinements in data occur over time. It is vital that a protocol to the Convention provide incentives that encourage activities aimed at protecting carbon stocks and enhancing sinks.

There are strong indications that this enhancement of uptake by terrestrial ecosystems and the resulting delay in carbon dioxide build-up in the atmosphere will prove to be short lived. Nevertheless, there coo3 methodologies to enable estimates of emissions to be made on a standardised basis. Australia has used as its base year and has refined the data for that year as it is used in Article 4.

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The current IPCC Guidelines should be used as the basis upon which to develop emission and removal estimates and uncertainties should be examined in the context of all anthropogenic sources and sinks, not just within the LUCF sector. Submission dated 14 November cp3 If in practice MOP1 decided to omit some sinks from early budget periods eg because of data availability or incompleteness of the IPCC methodologyinclusivity would still need to be sufficient to avoid the perverse incentive of planting trees on soil types which then become sources.


In the context of QELROs, anthropogenic enhancement of sinks should be defined rather narrowly to include only direct actions such as the planting co3 forests, application of fertilizers ckp3 forests, exclusion of grazing or revegetation activities. This is a larger uncertainty than usually occurs on an emissions trend.

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Drawing on the wording in these articles, the Berlin Mandate also specifically states article II 2 a “This process will, inter alia, a aim Any new IPCC methods would only apply to a second budget period or subsequent target.

Suggestions have been made that to do otherwise would grandfather the rates of deforestation and would, therefore, be in conflict with Article 4. The secretariat has made every effort to ensure the correct reproduction of the texts as submitted.

Australia believes in a comprehensive approach, covering all greenhouse gases, all emissions, sources and sinks see Q1 and Q3and, therefore, all activities relating to sink enhancement, in line with IPCC Guidelines, should be credited, provided they are reported, with measurement, in a country’s national communication and are subject to the review mechanism see Q Please see paragraphs 3 and 4.

The general commitment under the Convention, to protect and enhance sinks, cop still apply, and legally binding Policies and Measures should be applicable to any categories that were excluded.

As stated in Q1, Australia believes adoption of the comprehensive approach for the first budget year is necessary because it.

For some fluorocarbons there is an additional element of uncertainty depending on how delayed releases are taken into account. Approved resolutions of the COPs. What would be the impact of including or excluding sinks on the QELRO levels, national plans or policies of your country?

Amount of sinks in each country should be equal or greater than the total amount of emissions of that country per year. Establishment of a Permanent Secretariat. Nevertheless, given the variety of methods currently available for preparing inventories for each anthropogenic source and sink, and the different uncertainties associated with each method, the issue of uncertainties needs to be addressed prior to the start of the first budget period.

Rules of Procedure for COPs. On the other hand, countries with net losses from sinks eventually reach limits to further deforest, and as a result their emissions reach zero. Furthermore, by narrowing the definition of anthropogenic to co3p activities that change carbon stocks after the target year, many of the uncertainties associated with the land-use change and forestry methodologies are reduced. Anthropogenic enhancement of removals by sinks of atmospheric carbon dioxide is an important t2 of the current Icelandic National Climate Change Action Programme.


Australia further believes adoption of the comprehensive approach for the first budget year is necessary because.

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Establishment and Operation of a Permanent Secretariat. Australia’s forthcoming national communication and its inventory for have substantially reduced uncertainties from the first national communication, due to the ongoing work in the Co3 sectors. Parties either commit to an annual rate of carbon removal or emissions from land use practices.

If limits were applied, there cop33 be a cap or discount on the adjustment, to maintain incentives for action on gross emissions mitigation since sinks cannot be increased indefinitelyrr2 allow for the effect of uncertainties on compliance as discussed under 8b. By excluding forestry and hence afforestation, reforestation and deforestation from a QELRO, we fail to foster the sustainability of existing forests and are therefore in conflict with the aims of the Convention.

Each country should be able to develop methodologies suitable to itself in accordance with the IPCC guidelines.

Text of the Convention. Countries will be required to justify their results as reported in their national communication to the Review Team from the FCCC, and while countries should report on all sink activity, only those sinks reported on in the national communication should be claimed against a QELROs.

The burden of proof rests with the Party. Sinks are therefore important in Australia to sustainable land management. Applying such criteria Parties should, on a case by case basis, justify why their actions qualify as removal through anthropogenic enhancement of sinks. In accordance with the procedure for miscellaneous documents, these submissions are attached and are reproduced in the language in which they were received and without formal editing.

The review process has to be comprehensive, however, to ensure consistency and xop3. Any approach that is restricted to new activities is not only easier to verify because of an increase in precision afforded by real and measurable data, but is also more equitable by providing a level starting point.

Such a limitation could further delay the incorporation of improved science into the quantification of sinks and could delay the process of reducing uncertainty in this area.

Conservation of Loggerhead Sea Turtle Caretta caretta.